Early Modern « Hinduism »: History of the Concept avant la lettre? Sources and Representations
Le France, salle 638
190 avenue de France
- 75013 Paris
In a recent scholarly production on Hinduism, the role of Western representations and the history of its name have been discussed wide and large. European orientalist and missionary representations were decisive in inventing the concept in the early 19th
century, which homogenized a loosely knit tradition (from various hermeneutical and ideological positions to ritual practices) into a tightly packed geo-cultural whole. During the 20th
century, Hinduism was finally recognized as a “world religion”.
The goal of our round table is to look specifically into early modern genealogy of the concept, especially, though not exclusively, from Catholic missionary sources (Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, Latin, French but also Sanskrit, Tamil and Marathi), while avoiding essentializing, anachronism and teleology still present in historiography and in religious studies when dealing with Hinduism. Against facile claims that the British invented “everything” and against Sir William Jones’s invitation to forget “everything that we knew about India before”, in this workshop we want to show that knowledge, connected with another empire and diverse colonial actors, was produced and responsible for conceptualizations such as, for example, the term Brahmanism (bramanismo) invented in 1616 by a Jesuit in Madurai and used a few years later as a “machine of Brahmanism” by another Jesuit in Kerala. The new research has shown that the Brahman converts in Madurai, Goa and elsewhere have to a large degree defined the early Jesuit and Portuguese “orientalist” conceptions and the question is can we - should we and how – disentangle Indian and European voices in the process of constructing Hinduism. Another question is how to chart the itineraries of these early Catholic orientalist representations though the 18th century (Enlightenment and “revolutions”) into the 19th century in which Indology and Orientalist studies came of age.
During the half a day of round table discussions and presentations, the goal of this meeting is to share the most recent work (since most of the participants have just completed the PhD or are still writing their doctoral dissertations) on the topic from a variety or archival sources such as Jesuit records, the archives of the Propaganda Fide, the Inquisition in Rome and Goa, French archives, etc.
We would like to stress that our primary goal is to provide a platform for a cross-disciplinary dialogue. For this reason, the presentations will be no longer than seven minutes followed by fifteen minutes of discussion for each session, and we’ll have about an hour for the general discussion at the end of the conference.
lundi 14 novembre 2011
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